That's a good question! Research is ongoing into exactly how Bowen Therapy affects the body to bring about the changes it achieves. Janet Travell first defined the concept of 'trigger points' in 1942, identifying that stimulation of or injury to muscles referred pain to sometimes distant regions of the body as a reflex, not due to direct nerve stimulation. Further research into synergies between trigger points and acupuncture points from traditional Chinese medicine identified that over 70% of these points were the same. It is believed therefore that Bowen Therapy relieves pain in much the same way as acupuncture, but without the needles.
Restrictions in range of movement, whether with or without pain, arise from stiffening of the connective tissue - fascia - which forms a single coherent sheet throughout the body, from the head to the toes, enveloping every internal structure. This tissue hardens and dries with both age and lack of movement, causing stiffness and in some cases pain. As fascia is thixotrophic, the rolling and stretching motion of Bowen Therapy counteracts this stiffening and restores mobility, reduces pain and can even minimise the signs of ageing!
Bowen Therapy also works on an energy level to realign your personal energy field and restore balance. Smart Bowen uses acupressure points and meridians to do this.
Finally, Smart Bowen Therapy incorporates PNF stretching to further increase flexibility and range of movement.